Поддон для душа RGW AWF-21 120x90--> 100--> Защита почтовых серверов Eset Mail Security для Linux / FreeBSD для 78 почтовых ящиков

Защита почтовых серверов Eset Mail Security для Linux / FreeBSD для 78 почтовых ящиков

Защита почтовых серверов Eset Mail Security для Linux / FreeBSD для 78 почтовых ящиков

Русский, полная версия, лиц. 78 почтовый ящик (1 год), без носителя, электронный ключ


Обзор:

ESET Mail Security для Microsoft Exchange Server предназначен для защиты почтовых серверов от всех типов вредоносного программного 5 и для фильтрации почтовых сообщений в режиме 5 времени.
ESET File 5 для Linux может использовать протокол ICAP для сканирования систем NAS, таких как Dell EMC Isilon, а также других систем NAS, совместимых с ICAP (Hitachi и 5 хранилища, совместимые с ICAP).

ESET Security для Kerio – безопасность электронной почты и хост-сервера. Есет.


ESET File Security для Linux Надежная 5, которая объединяет скорость 5, точность выявления и минимальное влияние на систему.
ESET Dynamic Mail Protection. Бизнес-решение, включающее решение по защите от спама, защите от фишинга и анализ в облачной песочнице для полной 5 почтовых 5 и почтовых серверов.

Включает в себя:
ESET Mail Security для Microsoft Exchange Server обеспечивает дополнительный уровень защиты организаций, препятствуя заражению угрозами и обеспечивая многоуровневую безопасность самого хоста с помощью:
ESET Mail Security для Linux / BSD / Solaris Надежная защита почтовых серверов 5 платформах Linux/BSD/Solaris от всех видов Интернет угроз, известных и неизвестных.


ESET Mail Security для IBM Domino – почтовый антивирус, антиспам, антифишинг. Купить официальную лицензию Есет: поддержка, продление -40%!

ESET Security для Kerio – безопасность электронной почты и хост-сервера. Есет.


ESET File Security для Microsoft Windows Server предоставляет дополнительную защиту данных Вашей компании, которые проходят через все общие серверы, хранения сетевых файлов, включая OneDrive, и универсальных серверов для обеспечения.


Для защиты почтовых серверов, работающих под управлением операционных систем Linux, FreeBSD и Solaris, с успехом можно использовать антивирусную программу Doctor Web.


Решение ESET Mail Security обеспечивает эффективную защиту почтовых серверов под управлением операционных систем Linux, BSD и Solaris от известных и неизвестных видов вредоносного ПО, включая вирусы.

The FreeBSD Documentation Project Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 The FreeBSD Documentation Project Table of Contents 1 2 2.
It lists devices known to work on this platform, as well as some notes on boot-time kernel customization that may be useful when attempting to configure support for new devices.
Versions of the hardware compatibility notes for other читать will differ in some details.
Maintained by Wilko Bulte.
нажмите чтобы узнать больше, corrections and constructive criticism are invited.
In particular, information on system quirks is more than welcome.
This document tries to provide a starting point for those who want to run FreeBSD on an Alpha-based перейти на источник />It is aimed at providing background information on the various hardware designs.
It is not a replacement for the systems manuals.
Note: You will see references to DEC, Digital Equipment Corporation and Compaq used more по этой ссылке less interchangeably.
Now that Compaq has acquired Digital Equipment it would be more correct to refer to Compaq only.
To be completely politically correct given that Hewlett Packard in turn has acquired Compaq I probably should be using HP everywhere.
Given the fact that you will see the 5 of names everywhere, I don't bother.
Note: SRM commands will be in UPPER CASE.
Lower case input is also acceptable to SRM.
Upper case is used for clarity.
Obviously you will need an Alpha machine that FreeBSD knows about.
Alpha machines are NOT like PCs.
There are considerable differences between the various core logic 5 sets and mainboard designs.
This means that a kernel needs to know the intimate details of a particular machine больше на странице it can run on it.
Throwing some odd GENERIC kernel at unknown hardware Запчасть HP (CE538-60137) Ролик захвата ADF в сборе LJ M1536/ CLJ CM1415/Pro 100 M175 almost guaranteed to fail miserably.
For a machine even to be considered for FreeBSD use please make sure it has the SRM console firmware installed.
Or at least make sure that SRM console firmware is available for the particular machine type.
If FreeBSD does not currently support your machine type, there is a good chance that this will change at some point in time, assuming SRM is available.
All bets are off when SRM console firmware is not available.
Machines with the ARC or AlphaBIOS console firmware were intended for WindowsNT.
Some have SRM console firmware available in the system ROMs which you only Телефон Телта Телта-214-27 to select via an ARC or AlphaBIOS menu.
In other cases you will have to re-flash the ROMs with SRM code.
In any case: no SRM means no FreeBSD or NetBSD, OpenBSD, Tru64 Unix or OpenVMS for that matter.
They have little or no trade-in 5 when they are NT-only from the console firmware perspective.
So, be suspicious if the price appears too good.
If so, a replacement battery most likely fixes the issue.
Although you could put the SRM console firmware on a whitebox, OpenVMS and Digital Unix will refuse to boot on them.
Before someone asks: the white ones had a rather different read: cheaper Digital price tag.
The PAL code can be thought of as a software abstraction layer between the hardware and the operating system.
It uses normal CPU instruction plus a handful of privileged instructions specific for PAL use.
PAL is not microcode.
The ARC console firmware contains a different PAL code, geared towards WinNT and in no way suitable for use by FreeBSD or more generic: Unix or OpenVMS.
I don't want to go into details here.
If you are interested in the gory details search the FreeBSD and NetBSD web sites.
There is another pitfall ahead: you will need a disk adapter that the SRM console firmware recognizes in order to be able to boot from a disk.
What is acceptable to SRM as a boot adapter is unfortunately highly system and SRM version dependent.
Some machines come with a SCSI chip embedded on the mainboard.
Check out the machine specific info below.
Please note that the rest of this discussion only refers to Symbios chips, this is meant to include the older chips that still have NCR stamped on them.
Symbios bought NCR sometime.
The problem might bite those who have machines that started their lives as WindowsNT boxes.
The ARC or AlphaBIOS knows about other adapter types that it can boot from than the SRM.
Some newer machine types have introduced Adaptec boot support.
Please consult the machine specific section for details.
Most adapters that cannot be 5 from work fine for data-only disks.
The differences https://kolopoka.ru/100/kommutator-ruckus-icx7150-48p-4x10gr.html SRM and ARC could also get you pre-packaged IDE CDROMs and hard drives in some former WindowsNT systems.
SRM versions exist depends on the machine type that can boot from IDE disks and CDROMs.
Check the machine specific section for details.
In order to be bootable the root partition partition a must be at offset 0 of the disk drive.
This means you have to use the installer's 5 menu and start with assigning partition a at offset 0 to the root partition.
Subsequently layout the rest of the partitions to your liking.
If you do not adhere to this rule the install will proceed just fine, but the system will not be bootable from the freshly installed disk.
Note that fdisk is not used on FreeBSD running on Alpha, disks are directly labeled using disklabel.
Generally speaking this boils down to either a 21040 or 21142 or 21143 based Ethernet interface.
Non-DEC cards based on said chips will generally but are not guaranteed to work.
Note that Intel took over the 21x4x chips when it bought Digital Semiconductor.
So you might see an Intel logo on them these days.
Recent machine designs have SRM support for Intel 8255x Ethernet chips.
Alpha machines can be run with SRM on a graphics console or on a serial console.
ARC can also be run on a serial consoles if need be.
The SRM will talk 9600N81 to you.
This can 5 be really practical for debugging purposes.
SRMs will also present you with a console prompt at serial port 2.
The booting kernel, however, will display the boot messages on ссылка на страницу port 1 and will also put the console there.
This can be extremely confusing.
Most PCI based Alphas can use ordinary PC-type VGA cards.
The SRM contains enough smarts to make that work.
It does not, however, mean that each and every PCI VGA card out on the street will work in an Alpha machine.
Things like S3 Trio64, Mach64, and Matrox Millennium generally work.
Old ET4000 based ISA cards have also worked for me.
But ask around first before buying.
Most PCI devices from the PC-world will also work in FreeBSD PCI-based machines.
Check the appropriate machine type's discussion in case you want to use PCI cards that have PCI bridge chips on them.
In some cases you might encounter problems with PCI cards not handling PCI parity correctly.
This can lead to panics.
If your system also contains EISA expansion slots you will need to run the EISA Configuration Utility ECU after you have installed EISA cards or after you have upgraded your console firmware.
For Alpha CPUs you will find multiple generations.
The original Alpha design is the 21064.
верно.

77284Fae_Лямбда-Зонд! peugeot 307 406 407 607 cit Fae 77284 моему was produced in a chip process called MOS4, chips made in this process are nicknamed EV4.
Newer CPUs are 21164, 21264 etc.
You will see designations like EV4S, EV45, EV5, EV56, EV6, EV67, EV68.
The EVs with double digit numbers are slightly improved versions.
Spending money on anything less than an EV5 is not recommended.
посетить страницу available for free is a different matter of course.
For memory you want at least 32 Mbytes.
I have had FreeBSD run on a 16 Mbyte system years ago but you will not enjoy that.
Kernel build times halved when I went to 32 Mbytes.
Note that the SRM console steals 2Mbyte from the total system memory and keeps it.
For more serious work 128 Mbytes or more are recommended.
Although Alpha machines typically can accommodate large to very large physical memory sizes, FreeBSD is limited to 1 or 2 Gbytes dependent on the core chipset of RAM.
This restriction is due to the current implementation of the VM system.
While on the subject of memory: pay close attention to the type of memory your machine uses.
There are very different memory configurations and requirements for the various machines.
Final word: I expect the above to sound a bit daunting to the first-time Alpha user.
Don't be daunted too much.
And do feel free to ask questions if something is not clear after reading this document.
Below is an overview of the hardware that FreeBSD runs on.
Alpha machines are often best known by their project code name.
Where known these are listed below in parentheses.
The NoName is a baby-AT mainboard based on the 21066 LCA Low Cost Alpha processor.
NoName was originally designed for OEM-use.
The LCA chip includes almost all of the logic to drive a PCI bus and the memory subsystem.
All of this makes for a low-priced design.
Due to the limited memory interface the system is not particularly fast in case of cache misses.
As long as you stay 5 the on-chip cache the CPU is comparable to a 21064 first generation Alpha.
These boards should be very cheap to obtain these days.
It is a full-fledged 64 bit CPU, just don't expect miracles as far as speed goes.
The Flash ROM is not big enough to hold both ARC and SRM at the same time and allow software selection of alternate console code.
But you only need SRM anyway.
Cache for the NoNames are 15 or 20 ns DIL chips.
For a 256 kByte cache you want to check your junked 486 mainboard.
Chips for a 1 Mbyte cache are a rarer breed unfortunately.
Getting at least a 256kByte cache is recommended performance wise.
Cache-less they are really slow.
It also has a power connector for 3.
No need to rush out to get a new power supply.
These are quite rare.
The IDE interface is supported by FreeBSD and requires a line in the kernel configuration file as follows: device ata The ATA interface uses irq 14.
The SRM console unfortunately cannot boot from IDE disks.
This means you will have to use a SCSI disk as the boot device.
The NoName is somewhat stubborn when it comes to serial consoles.
Pulling the keyboard from the machine is not sufficient, like it is on most other Alpha models.
There have been reports that you sometimes need to press Control- Alt- Del to capture the SRM's attention.
I have never seen this myself, but it is worth trying if you are greeted by a blank screen after powerup.
Make sure you use true 36 bit SIMMs, and only FPM Fast Page Mode DRAM.
EDO DRAM or SIMMs with fake parity will not work.
The board uses the 4 extra bits for ECC.
Apart from giving you a mouse port as bonus it is directly supported by Tru64 Unix in case you ever want or need to run it.
The is recommended reading.
There are multiple Miata variants.
The original Miata is the MX5 model.
Because it suffers from a number of hardware design flaws a redesign was done, yielding the MiataGL.
Unfortunately the variants are not https://kolopoka.ru/100/ngmyagkelf-15sm-2tsv.html distinguishable at first sight from the outside of the case.
An easy check is to see if the back of the machine sports two USB connectors.
If yes, it is a MiataGL.
MX5 models tend to be more common 5 the used system market place.
Personal Workstation, being a bit of a mouthful, is often abbreviated to PWS.
WinNT-Miatas are likely to come pre-configured with an IDE CDROM drive.
There was also a Miata model with a special CPU cooling system by Kryotech.
The Kryotech has a special cooling system and is housed in a different enclosure.
The lower board in the bottom of the machine has the PCI and ISA slots and things like the sound chip etc.
The top board has the CPU, the Pyxis chip, memory etc.
Note that MX5 and the MiataGL use a different PCI riser board.
This means that you cannot just upgrade to a MiataGL CPU board with the newer Pyxis chip but that you will also need a different увидеть больше board.
Apparently an MX5 riser with a MiataGL CPU board will work but it is definitely not a supported or tested configuration.
Everything else cabinet, wiring, etc.
MX5 has problems with DMA via the 2 64-bit PCI slots when this DMA crosses a page boundary.
The 32 bit slots don't have this problem because the PCI-PCI bridge chip does not allow the offending transfers.
The SRM code knows about the problem and refuses to start the system if there is a PCI card in one of the 64bit slots that it does not know about.
Just don't complain if your data mysteriously gets mangled.
For this to work you need a reasonable current SRM version.
Important: Do this on your own risk.
PCI cards that make the MX5 SRM choke when installed in the 64bit slots are accepted without problems by the MiataGL SRM.
The latest mainboard revisions of MX5 contain a hardware workaround for the bug.
The SRM does not know about the ECO and will complain about unknown cards as before.
So does the FreeBSD kernel by the way.
The Miata SRM can boot from IDE CDROM drives.
IDE hard disk boot is known to work for нажмите чтобы узнать больше MiataGL and MX5 disks, so you can root FreeBSD from an IDE disk.
Miata's CMD646 chip will support up to WDMA2 mode as the chip is too buggy for use with UDMA.
Miata MX5s generally use Qlogic 1040 based SCSI adapters.
These are bootable by the SRM console.
Note that Adaptec cards are not bootable by the Miata SRM console.
The MiataGL has a faster PCI-PCI bridge chip on the PCI riser card than some of the MX5 riser card versions.
Some of the MX5 risers have the same chip as the MiataGL.
All in all there is a lot of variation.
Not all VGA cards will work behind the PCI-PCI bridge.
This manifests itself as no video at all.
Graphics performance using a 64 bit slot is generally substantially better.
Both MX5 and MiataGL have an on-board sound chip, an ESS1888.
It emulates a SoundBlaster and can be enabled by putting device pcm device sbc in your kernel configuration file: in case your Miata has the optional cache board installed make sure it is firmly seated.
A slightly loose cache has been observed to cause weird crashes not surprising obviously, but maybe not so obvious when troubleshooting.
The cache module is identical between MX5 and MiataGL.
Installing a 2Mb cache module achieves, apart from a 10-15% speed increase based on buildworld elapsed timea decrease for PCI DMA read bandwidth from 64bit PCI cards.
Something to keep нажмите чтобы узнать больше mind when doing really high speed things with 64 bit PCI adapters.
Although the hardware allows you to install up to 1.
Moving to a faster CPU is quite simple, swap out the CPU chip and set the clock multiplier dipswitch to the speed of the new CPU.
If you experience SRM errors like ERROR: scancode 0xa3 not supported on PCXAL after halting FreeBSD you should update your SRM firmware to V7.
This SRM version is first available on the Firmware Update CD V5.
USB is supported by FreeBSD 4.
Disconnect the power cord before dismantling the machine, the soft-power switch keeps part of the logic powered even when the machine is switched off.
A non-DEC member of this family is the Aspen Alpine.
The Aspen 5 does not have an embedded Ethernet, has 3 instead of 2 PCI slots.
It comes with 2 Mbytes of cache already soldered onto the mainboard.
It has jumpers to select the use of 60, 70 or 80ns SIMM speeds.
Note the systems use Fast Page Mode memory, not EDO memory.
The EB64+ SRM console code is housed in an UV-erasable EPROM.
No easy flash SRM upgrades for the EB64+ The latest SRM version available for EB64+ is quite ancient anyway.
The EB64+ SRM can boot both 53C810 and Qlogic1040 SCSI adapters.
Pitfall for the Qlogic is that the firmware that is down-loaded by the SRM onto the Qlogic chip is very old.
There are no updates for the EB64+ SRM available.
So you are stuck with old Qlogic bits считаю, Банкнота 100 билетов МММ 1994 года первой серии топик />I have had quite some problems when I wanted to use Ultra-SCSI drives on the Alpine with Qlogic.
The FreeBSD kernel can be compiled to include a much newer Qlogic firmware revision.
This is not the default because it adds hundreds of kBytes worth of bloat to the kernel.
All of this might mean that you need to use a non-Qlogic adapter to boot from.
AlphaPC64 boards generally come with ARC console firmware.
SRM console code can be loaded from floppy into the Flash ROM.
The IDE interface of the AlphaPC64 is not bootable from the SRM console.
Enabling it requires the following line in the kernel configuration file: device ata The ATA interface uses irq 14.
Note that the boards Консоль kbo500 lo0850 a power supply that supplies 3.
Samsung did its own PC164LX which has only 32 bit PCI, whereas the Digital variant has 64 bit PCI.
Obviously all 8 SIMMs must be of the same type to make this work.
The system must be explicitly setup to use the 8 SIMM memory arrangement.
You must have 8 SIMMs, 4 SIMMs distributed over 2 banks will not work.
For the Нажмите чтобы прочитать больше you can have a maximum of 1Gbyte of RAM, using 8 128Mbyte SIMMs.
The manual indicates the maximum is 512 Mbyte.
Newer Symbios 810 revisions like the Symbios 810AE are not recognized by the SRM on PC164.
PC164 SRM does not appear to recognize a Symbios 53C895 based host adapter tested with a Tekram DC-390U2W.
On the other hand some no-name Symbios 53C985 board has been reported to work.
Cards like the Tekram DC-390F Symbios875 based have been confirmed to work fine on the PC164.
Symbios 53C896 has been confirmed to not work.
Diamond FirePort, although based on Symbios chips, is not bootable by the PC164SX SRM.
PC164SX is reported to boot fine with Symbios825, Symbios875, Symbios895 and Symbios876 based cards.
In addition, Adaptec 2940U and 2940UW are reported to work for booting verified on SRM V5.
A test with an Adaptec 3940UW showed that that one is not supported however.
Using such a NIC allows network booting.
On 164SX you can have a maximum of 1 Gbyte of RAM.
Whether 512MB DIMMs will also work is currently unknown.
You can use ECC or non-ECC DIMMs.
The non-ECC ones are the same as commonly found in PCs.
Unfortunately the 164SX is quite picky on which DIMMs it likes, so be prepared to test and experiment.
PCI bridge chips are sometimes not appreciated by the 164SX, they cause SRM errors and kernel panics in those cases.
This seems to depend on the fact if the card is recognised, 5 therefore correctly initialised, by the SRM console.
The 164SX' onboard IDE interface is quite slow, a Promise card gives a 3-4 times speed improvement.
On PC164 the SRM sometimes seems to lose its variable settings.
A sequence of a downgrade to SRM4.
Some PC164 owners report they have never seen the problem.
ссылка на страницу PC164SX the AlphaBIOS allows you a selection to select SRM to be used as console on the next power up.
This selection does not appear to have any effect.
In other words, you will get the AlphaBIOS regardless of what you select.
The fix is to reflash the console ROM with the SRM code for PC164SX.
This will overwrite the AlphaBIOS and https://kolopoka.ru/100/nakopitelniy-elektricheskiy-vodonagrevatel-thermex-praktik-irp-100-v.html get you the SRM console you desire.
The SRM code can be found on the Compaq Web site.
PC164 can boot from IDE disks assuming your SRM version is recent enough.
EB164 needs a power supply that supplies 3.
A simple switch pulling this signal to ground allows you to run a standard ATX power supply.
The 200 and 250 series are desktop boxes, the 400 series is a desk-side mini-tower.
EDO or 32 bit SIMMs will not work.
You also need to specify flags 0x10011 in the device.
This means that as soon as you plug a cable onto the external SCSI connector the internal terminator of the system is disabled.
It also means that you should not leave unterminated cables plugged into the machine.
AlphaStation 400 series have an SRM variable that controls termination.
EV6 based machines have in the meantime taken their place as front runners.
AS500 is a desktop in a dark blue case TopGun blueAS600 is a sturdy desk-side box.
AS600 has a nice LCD panel to observe the early stages of SRM startup.
AS500 shares its single SCSI bus with internal and external devices.
For a Fast SCSI bus you are limited вот ссылка 1.
The AS500 Qlogic ISP1020A chip can ссылка set to run in Ultra mode by setting a SRM variable.
FreeBSD however follows the Qlogic chip errata and limits the bus speed to Fast.
Beware of ancient SRM versions on AS500.
When you see weird SCSI speeds being reported by FreeBSD like cd0 at isp0 bus 0 target 4 lun 0 cd0: Removable CD-ROM SCSI-2 device cd0: 250.
AS600 has one Qlogic SCSI chip dedicated to the internal devices whereas the other Qlogic SCSI chip is dedicated to external SCSI devices.
Keep the card, which apart from the two SCSI interfaces also houses the Ethernet chip by the way страница the DEC-recommended, topmost, 32bit PCI slot.
You get machine checks if you plug it into one of the 64 bit slots.
So, a bank of 4 DIMMs is not 4 physically adjacent DIMMs.
Note that the DIMMs are not SDRAM DIMMs.
In AS600 the memory SIMMs are placed onto two memory daughter cards.
SIMMs are installed in sets of 8.
Both memory daughter cards must be populated identically.
Note that both AS500 and AS600 are EISA machines.
For AS500 which does not have a physical EISA slot the ECU is used to configure the onboard sound interface etc.
AS500 onboard sound can be used by adding a line like device pcm to the kernel configuration file.
Using the ECU I configured my AS500 to use IRQ 10, port 0x530, drq 0.
Corresponding entries along with flags 0x10011 must go into the device.
Note that the flags value is rather non-standard.
AS600 на этой странице a peculiarity for its PCI slots.
Generally speaking there are 21064 EV4 CPU based machines and 21164 EV5 based ones.
The CPU is on a daughter card, and the type of CPU EV4 or EV5 must match the mainboard in use.
AlphaServer 800 has a much smaller mini tower case, it lacks the StorageWorks SCSI hot-plug chassis.
The main difference between AS1000 and AS1000A is that AS1000A has 7 PCI slots whereas AS1000 only has 3 PCI slots and has EISA slots instead.
Floor standing, rack-mount, with or without StorageWorks SCSI chassis etc.
The electronics are the same.
The fifth SIMM is used for ECC.
The ECC is done based on the 4 extra bits per SIMM 4 bits out of 36.
The EV5 mainboards have 16 SIMM slots, the EV4 mainboards have 20 slots.
AS800 machines use DIMMs in sets of 4.
DIMM installation must start in slots marked bank 0.
A bank is four physically adjacent slots.
The biggest size DIMMs must be installed in bank 0 in case 2 banks of different DIMM sizes are used.
Max memory size is 2GB.
https://kolopoka.ru/100/frityurnitsa-gastrorag-hef-4l.html that these are EDO DIMMs.
Pulling the keyboard from the machine is not sufficient, like it is on most other Alpha models.
For AS800 you want to check if your Ultra-Wide SCSI is indeed in Ultra mode.
This can be done using the EEROMCFG.
EXE utility that is on the Console Firmware Upgrade CDROM.
Tsunami is also used in much higher-end systems and as such has plenty of performance to offer.
DS10, VS10 and XP900 are different names for essentially the больше информации system.
The differences are the software and options that are supported.
DS10L is a DS10 based machine in a 1U high rackmount enclosure.
DS10L is intended for ISPs and for HPTC clusters e.
This means that parts of the system remain powered when it is switched off like an ATX-style PC power supply.
Before servicing the machine remove the power cord.
The smart power controller is called the RMC.
When enabled, typing Escape EscapeRMC on serial port 1 will bring you to the RMC prompt.
RMC allows you to powerup or powerdown, reset the machine, monitor and set temperature trip levels etc.
RMC has its own builtin help.
If you intend to build a farm you can rackmount them in a 19-inch rack; they are 3U high.
Slate is 1U high but has only one PCI slot.
DS10 has 4 DIMM slots.
DIMMs are installed as pairs.
Please note that DIMM pairs are not installed in adjacent DIMM продолжение здесь but rather physically interleaved.
DIMM sizes of 32, 64, 128, 256 and 512 Mbytes https://kolopoka.ru/100/bittner-basic-200-usilitel-moshnosti-2-x-130-vt-4-om.html supported.
When 2 pairs of identical-sized DIMMs are installed DS10 will use memory interleaving for increased performance.
DS10L, which has only 2 DIMM slots cannot do interleaving.
Starting with SRM firmware version 5.
KZPEA aka Adaptec 39160 gives you dual channel LVD U160 SCSI which is bootable from SRM.
The base model comes with a FUJITSU 9.
FreeBSD works just fine using EIDE disks on Индия Чай 100 Наргис г.

гранулированный BOP />DS10 has 2 IDE interfaces on the mainboard.
Machines destined for Tru64 Unix or VMS are standard equipped with Qlogic-driven Ultra-SCSI disks On the PCI bus 32 and 64 bit cards are supported, in 3.
The USB ports are not supported and are disabled https://kolopoka.ru/100/nakonechnik-vtulochniy-beliy-izolirovanniy-din-46228-05-mm-klauke-klk1696-100-sht.html the SRM console in all recent SRM versions.
The cpu EV5 is mandatory to keep happy.
The on-board Qlogic UW-SCSI chip supports up to 4 internal devices.
There is no external connector for the on-board SCSI.
For 500 MHz CPUs 83 MHz DIMMs will do.
Compaq specifies PC100 DIMMs for all CPU speeds.
Memory bandwidth of Monet is twice that of Webbrick.
The DIMMs live on the CPU daughter-card.
Although the Cypress chip has potential for 2 EIDE channels Monet uses only one of them.
The USB interface is supported by FreeBSD.
There is a перейти на источник FreeBSD bug that prevents this from working correctly.
Important: Not all VGA cards will work behind the PCI-PCI bridge so in slots 4 and 5.
Only cards that implement VGA-legacy addressing correctly will work.
The sound chip is not currently supported with FreeBSD.
The cpu EV5 is mandatory to keep happy.
Pulling the keyboard from the machine is not sufficient.
Confusing is the fact that you will get SRM console output on the graphics console with the console set to serial, but when FreeBSD boots it honors the CONSOLE variable setting and all the boot messages as well as the login prompt will go to the serial port.
The DS20 is housed in a fat cube-like enclosure.
The enclosure also contains a StorageWorks SCSI hot-swap shelf for a maximum of seven 3.
The Нормальное Браслет Шамбала Everiot LNS-3048 из натуральных камней моему is in a sleeker case, and lacks the StorageWorks shelf.
The system has a smart power controller.
This means that parts of the system remain powered when it is switched off like an ATX-style PC power supply.
Before servicing the machine remove the power cord s.
The smart power controller is called the RMC.
When enabled, typing Роликовый гриль GASTRORAG EscapeRMC on serial port 1 will bring you to the RMC prompt.
RMC allows you to powerup or powerdown, reset the machine, monitor and set temperature trip levels etc.
RMC has its own перейти help.
The embedded Adaptec SCSI chip on the DS20 is disabled and is therefore not usable under FreeBSD.
Starting with SRM firmware version 5.
This unfortunately does not include the embedded Adaptec SCSI chips.
You can use a KZPEA aka Adaptec 39160 for dual channel LVD U160 SCSI, which is bootable from SRM.
If you are using banks of DIMMs of different sizes the https://kolopoka.ru/100/blu-ray-pleer-loewe-blutech-vision.html DIMMs should be installed in the DIMM slots marked 0 on the mainboard.
Don't try читать use Symbios-chip based SCSI adapters in the PCI slots connected to hose 1.
There is a not-yet-found FreeBSD bug that prevents this from working correctly.
The cpu EV5 is mandatory to keep happy.
UP2000 was built by Alpha Processor Inc.
The on-board Adaptec SCSI HBAs are bootable on UP2000.
Busmaster DMA is supported on Блесна Lucky John IMA 1,8 г/037 first IDE interface only.
The system can boot from it's IDE hard drives and cdrom drives.
The cpu EV5 is mandatory to keep happy.
This is medium iron.
Both floor-standing and 19" rackmount boxes exist.
Some of the boxes come with an integral StorageWorks shelf to house hot-swap SCSI disks.
CPU upgrades were available as well.
Maximum number of CPUs is 4.
This may be true for other modules IO and memory as well, but it has not been verified.
The machines use dedicated memory boards.
These boards live on a 128 bit C-bus shared with the CPU boards.
DemiSable supports up to 1GB, Sable up to 2GB.
One of the memory bus slots can either hold a CPU or a memory card.
A 4 CPU machine can have a maximum of 2 memory boards.
Some memory board models house SIMMs.
These are called SIMM carriers.
There are also memory modules that have soldered-on memory chips instead of SIMMs.
SIMM boards are used in sets of eight 72-pin 36 bit FPM memory of 70ns or faster.
SIMM types supported are 1M x36 bit 4 Mbyte2M x36bit 8 Mbyte and 4M x36 bit 16 Mbyte.
Each memory board can house 4 banks of SIMMs.
SIMM sizes can not be mixed on a single memory board.
The first memory module must be filled with SIMMs before starting to fill the next memory module.
Note that the spacing between the slots is not that big, so make sure your SIMMs fit physically before buying them.
Both Lynx and Sable are somewhat stubborn when it comes to serial consoles.
Pulling the keyboard from the machine is not sufficient, like it is on many other Alpha models.
On Lynx keep the VGA card in one of the primary PCI slots.
EISA VGA cards are not slot sensitive.
The machines are equipped with a small OCP Operator Control Panel LCD screen.
On this screen the self-test messages are displayed during system initialization.
Both Sable, DemiSable and Lynx have Symbios 810 based Fast SCSI on-board.
A second cage can be added inside the cabinet.
AS2000 has a single 7 slot SCSI cage, which cannot be expanded with an additional one.
Note that the slot locations in these cages map differently to SCSI IDs compared to the standard StorageWorks shelves.
Slot IDs from top to bottom are 0, 4, 1, 5, 2, 6, 3 when using a single bus configuration.
The cage can also be set to provide two independent SCSI buses.
This is used for embedded RAID controllers like the KZPSC Mylex DAC960.
Slot ID assignments for split bus are, from top to bottom: 0A, 0B, 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B.
Where A and B signify a SCSI bus.
In a single bus configuration the terminator module on the back of the SCSI cage is on the TOP.
The jumper module is on the BOTTOM.
For split bus operation these two modules are reversed.
The terminator can be distinguished from the jumper by noting the chips on the terminator.
The jumper does not have any active components on it.
DemiSable has 7 EISA slots and 3 PCI slots.
Sable has 8 EISA and 3 PCI slots.
Lynx, being newer, has 8 PCI and 3 EISA slots.
The Lynx PCI slots are grouped in sets of 4.
Note that сами Автозагар 100 мл Bondi Sands GLO Gloss One Day Tan - Блестящий Отпад!!! to expectation больше на странице primary PCI slots are the highest numbered ones PCI4 - PCI7.
It therefore works OK as a console.
If they ever saw daylight is unknown.
In any case FreeBSD has never been verified with an ExtIO module.
The machines can be equipped with redundant power supplies.
Note that the enclosure is equipped with interlock switches that switch off power when the enclosure is opened.
The system's cooling fans are speed controlled.
When the machine has more than 2 CPUs and more than 1 memory board dual power supplies are mandatory.
Expect a 30" high pedestal cabinet or alternatively the same system box in a 19" rack.
Rawhides are multi-CPU machines, up to 4 CPUs can be in a single machine.
Basic disk storage is housed in one or two StorageWorks shelves at the bottom of the pedestal.
A trailing R on the part-number means a rackmount variant.
EV5 300 MHz was also available cache-less.
CPU modules exist in versions with and without external cache.
In all cases the CPU modules installed always must be of the same speed.
It will however result in the system reporting itself to the operating system as a Digital Server 730x so the NT-only variant.
FreeBSD does not care, but such a system will not allow Tru64 or VMS to run.
Rawhide uses a maximum of 8 RAM modules.
These modules are used in pairs and supply 72 bits to the bus this includes ECC bits.
Memory can be EDO RAM or synchronous DRAM.
A fully populated AS4100 has 4 pairs of memory modules.
The AS4000 model is limited to 2 pairs of memory modules.
Given the choice use SDRAM for best performance.
The highest capacity memory boards must be in the memory slots marked MEM0L and MEM0H.
A mix of memory board sizes is allowed.
A mix of EDO and SDRAM works as well assuming you don't try to mix EDO and SDRAM in a single module pair.
A mix of EDO and SDRAM results in the entire memory subsystem running at the slower EDO timing.
Rawhide has an embedded Symbios 810 chip that gives you a narrow fast-SCSI bus.
Generally only the SCSI CDROM is driven by this interface.
There are 2 separate PCI buses, PCI0 and PCI1.
PCI1 has 4 PCI slots and a Symbios 810 SCSI chip.
VGA console cards must be installed in a slot connected to PCI0.
The current FreeBSD implementation has problems in handling PCI bridges.
There is currently a limited fix in place which allows for single level, single device PCI bridges.
The fix allows the use of the Digital supplied Qlogic SCSI card which sits behind a 21054 PCI bridge chip.
Note: EISA slots are currently unsupported, but the Compaq Qvision EISA VGA adapter is treated as an ISA device.
It therefore works as a console.
In case you use EISA options in your machine you must run the EISA Configuration Utility ECU from floppy.
Rawhide employs an I2C based power controller system.
If you want to be sure all power is removed from the system remove all mains cables from the system.
See also the description for the RMC in the DS10 section of this document.
RCM versus RMC is not a typo, the various documentation I consulted used both acronyms interchangeably.
You need to supply 9-12V DC to the small inlet located next to the keyboard connector.
It uses the same enclosure the 1000A uses, but the logic is based on the AlphaServer 4000 design.
These are multi-CPU machines, up to 2 CPUs can be in a single machine.
On each of these cards are 8 DIMM slots.
DIMMs must be installed in pairs.
The maximum memory size is 4 GBytes.
Slots must be filled in order and slot 0 must contain the largest size DIMM if different sized DIMMs are used.
AS1200 employs fixed starting addresses for DIMMs, each DIMM pair starts at a 512 Mbyte boundary.
Supported DIMM sizes are 64 Mbytes and 256 Mbytes.
The DIMMs are 72 bit SDRAM based, as the system employs ECC.
Note: FreeBSD currently supports up to 2GBytes AS1200 has an embedded Symbios 810 drive Fast SCSI bus.
Tincup has 5 64-bit PCI slots, one 1 32-bit PCI slot and one EISA slot which is physically shared with one of the 64-bit PCI slots.
There are 2 separate PCI buses, PCI0 and PCI1.
PCI0 has the 32-bit PCI slot and the 2 top-most 64-bit PCI slots.
PCI1 has 4 64-bit PCI slots and a Symbios 810 SCSI chip.
VGA console cards must be installed in a slot connected to PCI0.
The system employs an I2C based power controller system.
If you want to be sure all power is removed from the system remove the mains cables from the system.
Tincup uses dual power supplies in load-sharing mode and not as a redundancy pair.
It is normally housed in an ATX tower enclosure.
It has 2 small fans for cooling.
The machine needs ECC capable DIMMs, so читать статью bit ones.
This does not appear to be documented in the UP1000 docs.
The system 5 the serial EEPROM on the DIMMs via the SM bus.
Note that if only a single DIMM is used it must be installed in slot 2.
This is a bit counter-intuitive.
The UP1000 needs a 400Watt ATX power supply according to the manufacturer.
But as always you will have to take your expansion cards and peripherals into account.
Chances are that your UP1000 comes by default with AlphaBios only.
The SRM console firmware is available from the Alpha Processor Inc.
It is currently available in a beta version which was successfully used during the port of FreeBSD to the UP1000.
The embedded Ultra DMA EIDE ports are bootable by the SRM console.
UP1000 SRM can boot off an Adaptec 294x adapter.
A Symbios 875 based card works just fine, using the sym driver.
Most likely other cards based on the Symbios chips that the sym driver supports will work as well.
The USB interfaces are disabled by the SRM console and have not yet been tested with FreeBSD.
It is normally housed in an ATX tower enclosure.
The SRM lives in 2Mbytes of flash ROM.
The machine needs ECC capable DIMMs, so 72 bit ones.
This does not appear to be documented in the UP1100 docs.
The system accesses the serial EEPROM on the DIMMs via the SM страница />Note that if only a single DIMM is used it must be installed in slot 2.
This is a bit counter-intuitive.
The UP1100 needs a 400Watt ATX power supply according to the manufacturer.
But as always Чернила InkTec для Canon PG-440, PG-440XL, C5040-100MB Black, pigment, 100 ml will have to take your expansion cards and peripherals into account.
The UP1100 is equipped with a SoundBlaster compatible audio interface.
Whether it works with FreeBSD is as of yet unknown.
The embedded Ultra DMA EIDE ports are bootable by the SRM console.
The UP1100 has 3 USB ports, 2 going external and one connected to the AGP port.
The cpu EV5 is mandatory to keep happy.
It can have a maximum of 2 CPUs.
Compaq sells the CS20 rebranded as the AlphaServer DS20L.
DS20L has 833MHz CPUs.
The SRM lives in 2Mbytes of flash ROM.
The CS20 needs ECC capable DIMMs.
Note that it uses основываясь на этих данных DIMMs.
The CS20 has an I2C based internal monitoring system for things like temperature, fans, voltages etc.
Each PCI slot is connected to its own independent PCI bus on the Tsunami.
The embedded Ultra DMA EIDE ports are bootable by the SRM console.
The CS20 has an embedded slim-line IDE CD drive.
There is a front-accessible bay for a 1" high 3.
Note that there is no floppy disk drive or a connector to add one.
The cpu EV5 is mandatory to keep happy.
The ES40 is a SMP system that can have 1 - 4 21264 Alpha CPUs.
With the maximum configuration of 32GB of memory these systems are often deployed as heavy электрический водонагреватель Electrolux EWH 100 servers and are also found in HPTC compute farm environments.
ES40 comes with читать больше ATA CDROM drive, but uses SCSI harddisks.
Memory is divided in 4 Adidas кроссовки EQT Gazelle arrays which each contain a set of 4 SDRAM DIMMs.
Each DIMM is 72 bit wide and of the 100MHz speed variant.
An array can contain 2 sets, so 8 DIMMs max per array.
The DIMMs live on Memory Mother Boards MMBs.
There are ссылка на подробности MMB models, with 4 and 8 DIMM sockets respectively.
Each MMB provides half of the 256 bit memory bus width to the CPUs.
Given the myriad options for the memory configuration it is advisable to check the system documentation for the optimum memory configuration.
Dependent on the model variation the ES40 has 6 or 10 64 bit PCI slots.
This is basically just means the same backplane with less connectors mounted.
ES40 has the same RMC remote power control as DS10 and DS20.
See the description of the RMC in the DS10 section of this document.
Most variations of ES40 have multiple power supplies, allowing for N+1 redundancy.
When installing CPU cards you must unplug all power cords, the CPU cards receive standby power from the power supplies.
Maximum memory configurations need more than the default number of powersupplies.
The cpu EV5 is 5 to keep happy.
продолжить чтение is not to imply they are doomed to fail, just that the chance of running into something never tested before is much higher.
GENERIC contains things that are known to work on Alpha only.
The PCI and ISA expansion busses are fully supported.
Turbo Channel is not in GENERIC аццкий Штопор сомелье Laguiole en Aubrac Peuplier (арт.

SOM99LPNI/LSJ1) таких has limited support see the relevant machine model info.
The MCA bus is not supported.
The EISA bus is not supported for use with EISA expansion cards as the EISA support code is lacking.
ISA cards in EISA slots are reported to work.
The Compaq Qvision EISA VGA card is driven in ISA mode and works OK as a console.
ATA and ATAPI IDE нажмите чтобы прочитать больше are supported via the driver framework.
As most people run their Alphas with SCSI disks it is not as well tested as SCSI.
Be aware of boot-ability restrictions for IDE disks.
See the machine specific information.
There is full SCSI support via the CAM layer for Adaptec 2940x AIC7xxx chip-basedQlogic family and Symbios.
Those of you interested in U160 Дело Процессор Intel Pentium Gold G5400 продолжай might want to take a look at an Adaptec 39160 dual channel LVD U160 adapter.
Compaq calls this a KZPEA adapter.
Recent Alpha models have SRM versions that can boot from them.
In general be aware of the machine-specific boot-ability issues for the various adapter models.
Where known they are listed in the individual machine descriptions.
The Qlogic QL2x00 FibreChannel host adapters are fully supported.
If you want to boot your Alpha over the Ethernet you will obviously need an Ethernet card that the SRM console recognizes.
This generally means you need a board with an 21x4x Ethernet chip as that is what Digital used.
These chips are driven by the FreeBSD older driver or newer driver.
Some new SRM versions are known to recognize the Intel 8255x Ethernet chips as driven by the FreeBSD driver.
In general the SRM console emulates a VGA-compatibility mode on PCI VGA cards.
When the SRM thinks the VGA is acceptable FreeBSD will be able to use it.
Please note that VESA modes are not supported on Alpha, so that leaves you with 80x25 consoles.
In some Alpha machines you нажмите для деталей find video adapters based on TGA chips.
TGA support in FreeBSD is not as robust as it should be.
In case of problems it is advisable to try either a serial console or a plain VGA card.
In compiling this file I used multiple information sources, but proved to be an invaluable source Твердотельный накопитель SmartBuy Splash 480 GB information.
Other configurations may also work, but simply have not been tested yet.
Feedback, updates, and corrections to this list are encouraged.
Where possible, the drivers applicable to each device or class of devices is listed.
If the driver in question has a manual page in the FreeBSD base distribution most shouldit is referenced here.
Information on specific models of supported devices, controllers, etc.
Note: The device lists in this document are being generated automatically from FreeBSD manual pages.
This means that some devices, which are supported by multiple drivers, may appear multiple times.
Compatible Mylex controllers not listed should work, but have not been verified.
Booting from these controllers is not supported due to SRM limitations.
KZPSC or KZPAC are bootable from SRM.
Note that these cards used 2.
SRM bootability of newer firmware is unknown.
WORM devices that support CD-ROM commands are supported for read-only access by the CD-ROM drivers such as.
Neither the driver nor any other driver supports this modem.
Owing to the generic nature of most USB devices, with some exceptions any device of a given class will be supported, even if not explicitly listed here.
Note: USB Bluetooth adapters can be found in section.
The driver supports all OHCI v1.
Information on using pointing devices with Xorg can be found at.
For questions about FreeBSD, read the before contacting.
For questions about this documentation, e-mail.

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